In detail

Vanadium (V) properties


Atomic mass, symbol and atomic number

vanadium is a naturally occurring element with the element symbol V and the atomic number 23. In the periodic table it stands with an atomic mass of 50.941 u in the 5th subgroup. The chemical element discovered by Manuel del Río in 1801 is not radioactive and is in a solid state at room temperature.

Profile: Vanadium (English Vanadium)

General
Chemical element:vanadium
Symbol:V
Atomic number:23
Group:vanadium group
Period:4
Block:d-block
Series:Transition metals
Appearance:black-gray
explorers:Andrés Manuel del Río
Year of discovery:1801
Atomic properties
Atomic mass:50,941 u
Atomic radius:135 pm
Covalent radius:153 pm
Van der Waals radius:unknown
Electron configuration:Ar 3d3 4s2
ionization:650.9 kJ / mol
Physical Properties
Physical state:firmly
Density:6.11 g / cm3
Crystal structure:cubic
Magnetism:paramagnetic
molar volume:8,32 · 10-6 m3/ mol
Mohs hardness:7,0
Melting point:1910 ° C
Boiling point:3407 ° C
Heat of fusion:21.5 kJ / mol
Heat of vaporization:444 kJ / mol
Thermal conductivity:31 W
Chemical properties
electronegativity:1,63

Did you know that ...

  • Vanadium plays a significant role as a trace element for enzyme activity in cells?
  • China and Russia are the world's most important vanadium producers?
  • the chemist Andrés Manuel del Río thought that vanadium was chromium when it was discovered?
  • Vanadium is often mixed to chromium to improve the hardness of the metal?
  • Olive oil, seafood and spinach are rich in vanadium?