Atomic mass, symbol and atomic number
vanadium is a naturally occurring element with the element symbol V and the atomic number 23. In the periodic table it stands with an atomic mass of 50.941 u in the 5th subgroup. The chemical element discovered by Manuel del Río in 1801 is not radioactive and is in a solid state at room temperature.
Profile: Vanadium (English Vanadium)
|explorers:||Andrés Manuel del Río|
|Year of discovery:||1801|
|Atomic mass:||50,941 u|
|Atomic radius:||135 pm|
|Covalent radius:||153 pm|
|Van der Waals radius:||unknown|
|Electron configuration:||Ar 3d3 4s2|
|ionization:||650.9 kJ / mol|
|Density:||6.11 g / cm3|
|molar volume:||8,32 · 10-6 m3/ mol|
|Melting point:||1910 ° C|
|Boiling point:||3407 ° C|
|Heat of fusion:||21.5 kJ / mol|
|Heat of vaporization:||444 kJ / mol|
|Thermal conductivity:||31 W|
Did you know that ...
- Vanadium plays a significant role as a trace element for enzyme activity in cells?
- China and Russia are the world's most important vanadium producers?
- the chemist Andrés Manuel del Río thought that vanadium was chromium when it was discovered?
- Vanadium is often mixed to chromium to improve the hardness of the metal?
- Olive oil, seafood and spinach are rich in vanadium?