Surname: Clothes moth
Latin name: Tineola bisselliella
size: 0.5 - 1cm
Older: as a butterfly a maximum of two weeks
Sexual dimorphism: No
food: Hair, wool
original origin: unknown
Sleep-wake rhythm: day and night active
habitat: actually nests of birds and mammals
natural enemies: Wasp wasp
sexual maturity: with the development to the butterfly
mating season: at appropriate temperatures year-round
oviposition: 50 - 250 eggs
Threatened with extinction: No
Further profiles of animals can be found in the Encyclopaedia.
Interesting about the clothes moth
- The clothes moth or Tineola bisselliella describes a type of moth, which is counted among the real moths.
- It is distributed all over the world and prefers to live in warm rooms in dark or rarely lit rooms, where it can find good food sources.
- Since the larva of the clothes moth feeds keratin-containing materials of animal origin, it is primarily found in wardrobes and living rooms. She likes to eat garments, carpets and upholstery made of wool fabrics.
- In the wild the larvae of the clothes moth also populate bird nests and the buildings of mammals, where they also find hair and feathers as food.
- The clothing moth is considered a significant pest, the textiles, furs and other objects made of animal materials destroyed with their feeding tracks.
- The clothes moth is between five and ten millimeters long and is easily recognizable by its straw yellow, rarely even light brown color with the shiny surface of the fringed wings.
- The female lays up to four times a year, each up to 250 eggs directly on the woolen fabrics or other textiles from animal materials. The caterpillars hatch after two weeks and develop only after a few months to the butterfly.
- The number of generations depends on the climatic conditions. Clothes moths and their larvae feel particularly well in high humidity and warm temperatures.
- A particularly strong increase shows up in cabinets, in which the clothes are stored for a long time.
- The caterpillars of the clothes moth do not like disturbances due to movement, which is why wool clothing should be regularly shaken out and cabinets should be cleaned.
- For targeted pest control adhesive traps are available, which are provided with a special attractant and attached to the affected areas. In addition to the use of chemical contact insecticides, natural and non-toxic methods are available. The moths can be sold, for example, with cedar wood rings, bags of lavender flowers or with essential oils.
- The adult butterflies eat no food and therefore have only stunted, dysfunctional mouthparts.
- The life expectancy of a clothes moth is a maximum of two weeks.