Latin name: Homarus
class: Higher crabs
size: up to 60cm
mass: 1 - 6kg
Older: 30 - 100 years
Appearance: orange-black tank
Sexual dimorphism: Yes
food: Crustaceans, clams, starfish
distribution: Atlantic, Mediterranean
Sleep-wake rhythm: nocturnal
natural enemies: ?
sexual maturity: about the age of five
mating season: September October
Number of possible offspring: 10,000 - 50,000 eggs
social behavior: Loners
Threatened with extinction: No
Further profiles of animals can be found in the Encyclopaedia.
Interesting about the lobster
- Lobsters are representatives of the lobster species, which comprise a total of 54 species worldwide. The lobsters are among the ten foot shrimp and inhabit the seas around the European area and the United States. They are therefore found both in the Atlantic and in the Mediterranean Sea and the Black Sea, where they live in the deep sea as well as in the shelf.
- Depending on the area of distribution, a distinction is made between the European and the American lobster. The American lobster lives mainly along the Atlantic coast between Canada and North Carolina, but is now commoned through naturalization in the North Sea around Scandinavia.
- Lobsters reach a body length of no more than 60 centimeters and a weight of up to six kilograms, although the European species is usually much smaller. The heaviest American lobster ever caught weighed over twenty kilograms.
- The color of the lobster tank depends on the diet of the animals as well as the rock material of the environment in which they live. Most lobsters have a dark blue or purple tank and brown flanks patterned with reddish drawings. Albinos are very rare.
- The body of the lobster is divided into three parts. On the head sit on stems the compound eyes as well as two differently long pairs of antennas. At the front of the abdomen there are a total of five pairs of legs, the rear part ends with a diversified tail.
- On the first pair of legs instead of the end members strong scissors, which the lobster uses to crack the shells of its prey animals. The thorn-clawed smaller claws help him to hold the prey.
- Males are much larger in comparison to the females and also have significantly more pronounced scissors.
- Lobsters are inhabitants of the seabed, where they thrive at temperatures of five to twenty degrees. On the ground they hunt as prey nocturnal animals their prey, which consists for the most part of small crustaceans, but also of many-bristles and various mollusks. Cannibalism among lobsters is rare in the wild and is common in captivity.
- The female carries thousands of eggs on the underside of the body for almost a year, before the larvae hatch.
- The tiny lobster larvae swim first as plankton below the water surface and skin three times in the first three months of life. Only a minimal percentage of larvae survive this phase. After the first few months, the young animals spend some time in safe hiding places at the bottom of the sea or in the sand, before they have developed into an adult, sexually mature animal only at the age of four years.
- Even in later years, lobsters shed at regular intervals, each time adding a few inches of body length.
- If they are captured by large predatory fish, they flee by cutting off limbs with their scissors, which gradually regrow in the course of the next skinning.
- Although the lobster is considered a highly coveted delicacy worldwide, its stock is classified as not endangered despite the intensive fishing.