The spruce - conifer


Surname: Spruce
Latin name: Picea
Number of species: about 50 species
circulation area: North America, Europe, Asia
fruit: about 0.5cm big seeds
heyday: April June
height: 30-70m
Older: up to 500 years
Properties of the bark: colored red or brown depending on the species, scaly bark layer
Properties of the wood: yellowish-white, massive, heavy
Locations of the tree: damp, ventilated breeze; at altitudes up to 2000m
needles: evergreen, 2-5cm long needles

Interesting facts about the spruce

The plant genus of spruce (Picea) includes about 50 different species, of which in Europe only the Common spruce is native. Every third tree in Germany is spruce on average, which makes it the most common tree species.
One of the most important factors for spruce growth is a cool climate, which limits its habitat to the areas north of latitude 23 (latitude) worldwide. Nevertheless, spruce stands in the high altitudes in North America and Asia can reach as far as southern Mexico or Tibet.
In a cycle of 3-6 years, the typical cones are formed for reproduction. Due to the rare formation of flowers the tree saves resources. Initially pink, the cones darken over time and can reach a length of 18 cm. Compared to firs, the cones are discarded after seed maturity, which makes a simple determination possible even for the layman.