Latin name: Citrus Ч aurantiifolia
Number of species: ?
family: Rhombic growth
growing region: worldwide
Orig. circulation area: probably Iran
harvest time: August September
Wuchshцhe: 2 - 4m
Older: perennial plant
calories: approx. 25kcal per 100g
fruit color: yellow to green
mass: about 100g
GrцЯe: about 4cm diameter
Contained vitamins: Vitamin C
Included minerals: Calcium, magnesium
Interesting about the lime
lime are the fruits of the multi-species lime trees, which belong to the genus of citrus plants and can be found in tropical or subtropical zones in many countries worldwide. Depending on the origin is between the originating from Mexico Genuine Lime or Citrus aurantiifolia or the ordinary lime or Citrus latifolia, which was originally based in Tahiti and Persia, distinguished. Lime trees are much smaller and more compact than orange or lemon trees, but are closely related to them.
The non-hardy and evergreen plants reach a maximum height of four meters, prefer warm and sunny locations and a rich, lime-poor soil. Their leathery, ovate leaves are of intense dark green color and have a dull pointy and slightly winged petioles. The strongly fragrant flowers are about one centimeter in diameter, have four or five petals and appear either alone or arranged in bunches next to the thorns. Depending on the variety, lime blossoms bloom all year round or appear only in spring.
Common limes are similar in appearance to their close relatives, lemons, are only slightly smaller and of a thin shell. The fruits of the real lime only reach about the size of a ping-pong ball. Both varieties are of yellow or green color and contain a delicate green pulp. As the skin of limes is very thin, these fruits are not suitable for dehydration. They taste very sour and are therefore not consumed raw, but used primarily in the form of juice and syrup as an ingredient for many popular cocktail recipes. Compared to lemons, however, their taste is much more complex and aromatic, whereby limes and also the dried leaves of the trees are primarily used in the Caribbean and in Southeast Asia in the kitchen a much used Gewuerz. They give especially dishes with fish and seafood a spicy sour and tart note. In the US, they are known as one of the basic ingredients of the famous Key Lime Pies. Essential lime oil is obtained either from ground fruits by steam distillation or by pressing from the skins. It smells slightly bitter and fresh and delights with its fine citrus note. Lime oil has an exhilarating effect in the fragrance lamp, promotes concentration and enhances mood. As it tightens skin and connective tissue, it is also used in bath additives or self-made oil mixtures or creams.