Alternative names: /
Original origin: Mediterraneum
FCI group: Society and assistance dogs
size: up to 25cm
size: up to 21cm
Mass () : 3 - 4kg
Mass () : 3 - 4kg
Life expectancy: 10 - 15 years
litter size: 2 - 4
coat color: White
coat type: soft
coat length: long
Character / essence: dynamic, playful, friendly, sensitive
attitude: Housing position with regular exit is possible
Maltese - introduction information
The history of Maltesers goes back to well before Christ's birth, because similar dogs were already popular in ancient Greece and ancient Rome, as well as in Egypt, as numerous representations in burial chambers and reliefs confirm. In Asia, these small dogs were crossed with Tibetan breeds, resulting in the now familiar appearance. Maltese arrived in Europe in the 15th century. Because of their size, they were initially used as a pied piper especially in harbor and coastal towns to protect the food transport and supplies in the warehouses. Hence the name of this breed, which derives not from the island of Malta, but from the word "málat", meaning "harbor" or "refuge". However, Aristotle has already described a small, similar-looking dog in his notes under the name "canes melitensis", which probably contributed to the emergence of today's term as well. When the Scottish Queen Mary Stuart had some of these dogs brought to her farm in the early 16th century, Maltese quickly became popular pets of the aristocrats. In the Renaissance, the Maltese was considered a popular escort dog of well-heeled and socially superior ladies.
The Maltese is one of the small breeds of dogs and brings with a shoulder height of a maximum of 25 centimeters just three to four kilograms on the scales. Striking is his snow-white, long and slightly wavy coat, which appears soft and shiny with regular care. A slight tint in the cream color is permitted by the breed standard, just like the slightly reddish coloration is not desirable. The Maltese is of compact stature and has long drooping ears, dark button eyes and a slightly rounded skull. Characteristic is the so-called winter nose, which assumes a pink or light brown color when exposed to sunlight.
Through his breeding history as a companion dog, the Maltese is now popular mainly because of his adaptable, friendly and cuddly nature. He is easy to train and therefore also suitable for beginners. If he is not spoiled too much, the Maltese is a quiet companion dog, which is characterized by serenity and always strangers to alien people as well as conspecifics, if somewhat distanced behaves. He is loyal to his owner and is also suitable as a guard dog due to his pronounced reporting instinct. He needs only a certain amount of movement and is therefore satisfied in a city apartment and with daily walks in parks. That is why it is especially popular among single senior citizens. However, he also fits well into a family bond and is extremely affectionate to children who treat him gently.